Finland has expressed its support for the European Union’s net emission reduction target of 90 percent, with certain reservations. Environment ministers of EU member states met in Brussels to discuss the Union’s 2040 climate goal, which was proposed by the EU Commission in February. The goal is to achieve a 90 percent reduction in net emissions from 1990 levels, with a focus on emissions reduction and carbon removal.

However, Finland emphasized the importance of technological neutrality and acceptance of nuclear energy as a clean source of energy. In addition, incentives for technical carbon sequestration should be established at EU level. The discussion at the Environment Council meeting was the first official debate on the 2040 climate target, and many countries have yet to form their positions.

Finland believes that achieving emissions reductions in Finland would require a significant transition in industry, with a focus on green technologies in sectors such as steel and refineries. Carbon dioxide recovery in forest industry units has also been highlighted as an important aspect for achieving emission reduction targets. Despite uncertainties in the land use sector and challenges in defining clean energy sources, Finland believes in the potential of technical sinks to help achieve an increase in net reductions of more than five million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions.

The real legislative proposal of the Commission will be made after the summer European elections. The Environment Council marked the beginning of a long process towards achieving the climate target by 2040, with a focus on cost-effective emission reductions and the transition to cleaner technologies.

By Samantha Johnson

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