Estrogen, a hormone belonging to the group of sex hormones, plays a critical role in regulating the menstrual cycle and is vital for the development and reproductive health of women. Apart from affecting gender characteristics and sexual behavior, it also has wider effects on the body. For instance, estrogen protects against cardiovascular diseases, bone fragility, and contributes to temperature regulation. It is clear that estrogen affects various physiological and psychological aspects of a woman’s health.

As women enter menopause, estrogen production decreases, leading to changes in the body. The risk of cardiovascular diseases and bone fractures increases, temperature regulation varies, sleep worsens, mood swings become more prevalent, and memory weakens. Ongoing research into the role of estrogen is being conducted with concerns about its potential link to brain health and memory disorders.

Recent research from University College London suggests that estrogen may have a protective role in developing memory disorders like dementia. These findings are based on data obtained from the British Biobank that includes information on childbearing years, hormone replacement therapy use

By Editor

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