As global warming causes the Earth’s rotation to slow, time correction methods may need to adapt in order to maintain accurate timekeeping. This means that adjustments to atomic time may be needed more often to synchronize it with solar time. The International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS) is responsible for managing these corrections, including the addition of leap seconds.

In the past, leap seconds were added to atomic time to keep it in line with solar time. However, negative leap seconds may be needed in the future to account for the slowing of Earth’s rotation. Scientists continuously monitor the Earth’s rotation and make adjustments as necessary, ensuring that time remains consistent and accurate despite changing conditions on our planet.

The melting of glaciers and ice caps is the main cause of the slowing of Earth’s rotation, as it changes the distribution of mass on our planet and affects its rotation. As climate change continues to affect our world, it’s important for scientists and organizations like IERS to consider how these changes might impact other aspects of our lives, including how we measure and track time.

By Samantha Johnson

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