A new study will be presented at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine’s annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, revealing findings suggesting that hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and gestational diabetes (GDM) may have negative effects on a child’s cardiovascular health.
Researchers conducted a secondary analysis of 3,317 mother-infant pairs from the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes Prospective Study (HAPO FUS) to determine if there was an association between HDP and GDM and child cardiovascular health. The study found that 8 percent of women developed high blood pressure during pregnancy, 12 percent developed gestational diabetes, and three percent developed both high blood pressure and diabetes.
Taking this data into account, the researchers then examined the children’s cardiovascular health 10 to 14 years after giving birth. By obtaining data on the children’s body mass index, blood pressure, total cholesterol and glucose levels, they were able to determine their childhood cardiovascular health. The results showed that 55.5 percent of the children, with a median age of 11.6 years, had at least one non-ideal metric, which increased their risk of heart disease and stroke.
Dr. Karthik K. Venkatesh, MD, PhD, who led the study as well as being a subspecialist in maternal-fetal medicine and assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology and assistant professor of epidemiology