The Palestinian Authority has resumed its efforts to become a full member state of the United Nations. Out of the 193 UN countries, 137 have recognized the Palestinian state, with a few exceptions in Western Europe, North America, Australia, Japan and South Korea. The declaration on the establishment of the Palestinian state was made by Yasser Arafat in 1988 after the beginning of the first Intifada. Algeria was the first country to officially recognize an independent Palestinian state, followed by forty other countries including China, India, Turkey and most Arab nations. Africa, the Soviet bloc, Central America and Latin America also recognized a Palestinian state.

The Palestinians have made diplomatic efforts on the international stage, gaining observer state status at the United Nations in 2012 and becoming full members of UNESCO in 2011. This new status allowed them to join the International Criminal Court in 2015 despite objections from some countries including Israel and the United States. Some European countries such as Sweden, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Bulgaria have recognized Palestine under certain circumstances.

Countries such as Spain, Ireland, Malta

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