In 2022, the European Union (EU) had almost 7.3 million scientists and engineers, an increase of 310,500 from the previous year. These professionals accounted for 41% of all employees in science and engineering. However, the proportion of women employed in these fields varied widely among EU member states.

In Denmark, Lithuania, and Bulgaria, over half of the scientists and engineers were women. On the other hand, Hungary, Finland, and Germany had only about a third of their scientists and engineers as female workers. The highest share of women working in scientific and technological occupations in 2022 was recorded in regions according to level 1 of the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS1), with Lithuania leading the way at 64.1%, followed by Corsica in France at 63.9% and Latvia at 62.7%.

The International Day of Women and Girls in Science is celebrated on February 11th each year to highlight the importance of gender diversity in scientific fields. Despite progress made towards gender equality, there are still challenges that need to be addressed to ensure that all individuals have equal opportunities to pursue careers in science and technology.

By Editor

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